What is meiosis Ncert?
Meiosis is divided into two phases – meiosis I and meiosis II. In the first meiotic division the homologous chromosomes pair to form bivalents, and undergo crossing over. Meiosis I has a long prophase, which is divided further into five phases. These are leptotene, zygotene, pachytene, diplotene and diakinesis.
What is meiosis used for?
Meiosis, on the other hand, is used for just one purpose in the human body: the production of gametes—sex cells, or sperm and eggs. Its goal is to make daughter cells with exactly half as many chromosomes as the starting cell.
What is meiosis short answer?
Meiosis is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information. These cells are our sex cells – sperm in males, eggs in females. … These four daughter cells only have half the number of chromosomes? of the parent cell – they are haploid.
What is meiosis in biology class 9?
Meiosis is the process in which a single cell divides twice to form four haploid daughter cells. These cells are the gametes – sperms in males and egg in females.
Are meiosis identical daughter cells?
Like mitosis, meiosis is a form of eukaryotic cell division. … Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. In contrast, meiosis gives rise to four unique daughter cells, each of which has half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
Where does meiosis occur?
Meiosis is the process of cells splitting into four haploid cells, thus reducing the chromosome number by half in each cell. They also give rise to gametes in the human body, but plant spores in plants. Meiosis occurs in the sex cells, so the sperm and egg cells in the human body, to create even more of themselves.
What are four differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis gives two nuclei, and hence two cells, while meiosis gives four. … Mitosis gives nuclei with the same number of chromosomes as the mother cell while meiosis gives cells with half the number. Mitosis includes one division , while meiosis includes two.