What is controlled by multiple alleles?
The majority of human genes are thought to have more than two normal versions or alleles. Traits controlled by a single gene with more than two alleles are called multiple allele traits. An example is ABO blood type.
Multiple Allele Traits.
|Genotype||Phenotype (blood type)|
Is blood type controlled by one gene?
The gene controlling human ABO blood groups has three alleles, not just two: I A and I B are not dominant over one another.
Is controlled by a gene with multiple alleles?
Traits controlled by more than two alleles have multiple alleles. Many genes have multiple phenotypic effects, a property called pleiotropy. Epistasis is when a gene at one location (locus) alters the phenotypic expression of a gene at another locus.
How is blood type an example of multiple alleles?
An excellent example of multiple allele inheritance is human blood type. Blood type exists as four possible phenotypes: A, B, AB, & O. There are 3 alleles for the gene that determines blood type. (Remember: You have just 2 of the 3 in your genotype — 1 from mom & 1 from dad).
Is blood type codominance or multiple alleles?
But sometimes there is a codominance of alleles, which is when both alleles are expressed in the phenotype. Blood type is an example of both multiple alleles and codominance.
How do alleles determine blood type?
Human blood type is determined by codominant alleles. There are three different alleles, known as IA, IB, and i. The IA and IB alleles are co-dominant, and the i allele is recessive. The possible human phenotypes for blood group are type A, type B, type AB, and type O.
Which gene determines blood type?
ABO (alpha 1-3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase and alpha 1-3-galactosyltransferase) is a protein-coding gene located at chromosome 9q34. 2. This gene encodes proteins that determine the first discovered blood group system, ABO.
Is controlled by three alleles ABO?
Human blood is controlled by three alleles that create the ABO blood types. A and B are co-dominant, while the third allele, O, is recessive to the other two alleles. Below are a number of parent combinations. For each, indicate whether it could produce the resulting child.