Why are chromosomes condensed during mitosis?
During mitosis, the chromosomes condense so that each chromosome is a distinct unit. Prior to mitosis, the cell copies its DNA so that it contains two copies of each chromosome. … Condensing the DNA into tightly packed chromosomes makes the process of chromosome alignment and separation during mitosis more efficient.
During which phase does the chromosomes become thicker shorter and double stranded?
Each pair of chromatids is a product from duplication of one chromosome in the S phase from interphase. These chromatids are held together by the centromere. Throughout the process of prophase the chromosomes condense meaning they get shorten and thicken to form visibly distinct threads within the nucleus.
What phase do chromosomes become shorter and thicker?
During prophase the nucleoli disappear and the chromatin fibers thicken and shorten to form discrete chromosomes visible with the light microscope. Each replicated chromosome appears as two identical chromatids joined at the centromere.
Are chromosomes condensed in S phase?
While mitotic cells have condensed chromosomes, interphase cells do not. … Chromosomes that are condensed during the G1 phase are usually long and have a single strand, while chromosomes condensed during the S phase appear crushed. Condensation during the G2 phase yields long chromosomes with two chromatids.
Is DNA condensed in G2 phase?
Interphase can be split into three periods: G1, S, and G2. … During much of mitosis, DNA is wrapped and condensed into chromosomes (pictured). However, during this phase, DNA is uncondensed, and remains in the nucleus as a mass of chromatin, or a combination of DNA and proteins that the DNA wraps around.