How do you know if two chromosomes are homologous pair?

How are homologous pairs identified?

A homologous chromosome pertains to one of a pair of chromosomes with the same gene sequence, loci, chromosomal length, and centromere location. A homologous pair consists of one paternal and one maternal chromosome. In humans, there are a total of 46 chromosomes in the nucleus of a somatic cell.

What is a homologous chromosome pair?

A pair of chromosomes made up of two homologs. Homologous chromosomes have corresponding DNA sequences and come from separate parents; one homolog comes from the mother and the other comes from the father. Homologous chromosomes line up and synapse during meiosis.

Are the two chromosomes in this diagram homologous?

1. Are the two chromosomes in this diagram homologous? Briefly explain your answer either way. No, they are clearly not homologous simply because they are not the same size.

Why do chromosomes have a characteristic banding pattern?

Chromosome banding allows the identification of chromosome deletions, duplications, translocations, inversions, and other less common chromosome abnormalities.

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