Do chromosomes separate in anaphase 1 or 2?
In anaphase I, the homologous chromosomes are separated. In prometaphase II, microtubules attach to the kinetochores of sister chromatids, and the sister chromatids are arranged at the midpoint of the cells in metaphase II. In anaphase II, the sister chromatids are separated.
What only occurs in anaphase 1?
In anaphase I, the homologues are pulled apart and move apart to opposite ends of the cell. The sister chromatids of each chromosome, however, remain attached to one another and don’t come apart. Finally, in telophase I, the chromosomes arrive at opposite poles of the cell.
How do the chromosomes separate in anaphase 1?
During anaphase, each pair of chromosomes is separated into two identical, independent chromosomes. The chromosomes are separated by a structure called the mitotic spindle. … The separated chromosomes are then pulled by the spindle to opposite poles of the cell.
Do centromeres exist in anaphase 1?
This creates two near-exact strands for each of the 46 chromosomes. To make sure they remain close to each other and do not cause genetic defects through ‘lost’ genetic material, these sister chromatids are joined by a centromere. Firstly, there is no anaphase I in mitosis, only anaphase.
Which of the answer choices occurs during anaphase 1 of meiosis?
The cell is haploid. Homologs separate and migrate toward opposite poles. This occurs during anaphase I.
What event occurs in anaphase 1 of meiosis that does not occur in anaphase of mitosis resulting in genetic variation?
During anaphase, sister chromatids will separate and begin to move toward opposite poles of the cell. At this stage, DNA will not replicate any further (replication occurs only in interphase). Therefore, the correct answer is b. The chromatid DNA replicates.
How do chromosomes split apart during anaphase?
During anaphase, the microtubules attached to the kinetochores contract, which pulls the sister chromatids apart and toward opposite poles of the cell (Figure 3c). At this point, each chromatid is considered a separate chromosome.
What are the 4 stages of the cell cycle?
In eukaryotes, the cell cycle consists of four discrete phases: G1, S, G2, and M. The S or synthesis phase is when DNA replication occurs, and the M or mitosis phase is when the cell actually divides. The other two phases — G1 and G2, the so-called gap phases — are less dramatic but equally important.