Is Down syndrome spastic?
The classification of the disorder is divided according to the causes and mechanisms, and the most common type is spastic quadriplegia, which is found in 20–43% of patients with cerebral palsy (Odding et al. 2006). In this report, we described three patients with severe spastic quadriplegia and Down syndrome.
Are people with Down syndrome muscular?
The most common musculoskeletal effects of Down syndrome include weak muscle tone (hypotonia) and ligaments that are too loose (ligament laxity). This leads to excessive joint flexibility.
Do people with Down syndrome have balance issues?
“People with Down syndrome suffer various degrees of motor difficulty,” said Costa, whose study was published last week in the journal, Experimental Brain Research. “They tend to walk later than their typical peers; they often lack balance and have low muscle tone and poor postural control.”
What abilities do people with Down syndrome have?
Some of the specific learning strengths that characterize many children with Down syndrome include:
- A distinct preference for visual learning.
- High capacity for empathy and social understanding.
- Strong visual short-term memory.
- Steady vocabulary acquisition.
- Age-appropriate self-help and daily living skills.
Do people with Down syndrome have physical disabilities?
Children with Down syndrome are generally less physically disabled than those with moderate to severe cerebral palsy, but they still face physical challenges. Most have lower muscle tone than is typical. Both conditions usually cause delays in physical development.
Is Brachycephaly seen in Down syndrome?
Down’s syndrome is a neurodevelopmental genetic condition caused by trisomy of chromosome 21. The phenotypic features of Down’s syndrome are multiple and include mental retardation, short stature and brachycephaly (Roizen & Patterson, 2003).
How can I help my child with Down syndrome walk?
Guide your baby in playful exercises, which helps him or her learn to walk.
- Move your baby’s arms and legs in swimming motions.
- Gently bounce your baby on your lap while holding him or her in a standing position.
- Help your baby roll over so that he or she can become stronger and more mobile.
Can people with Down syndrome exercise?
In most cases, people with Down’s Syndrome prefer to exercise with someone; however, suitable programmes with appropriately trained staff are limited. For these reasons, it is challenging for people with intellectual disability to improve their overall physical health and well-being through physical activity.
Why is trisomy 21 most common?
Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) is the most common autosomal trisomy in newborns, and is strongly associated with increasing maternal age. Trisomy 21 results most commonly from maternal meiotic nondisjunction. Unbalanced translocation accounts for up to 4% of cases.