Does Prozac during pregnancy cause autism?
(Health.com) — Children whose mothers take Zoloft, Prozac, or similar antidepressants during pregnancy are twice as likely as other children to have a dianosis of autism or a related disorder, according to a small new study, the first to examine the relationship between antidepressants and autism risk.
Can antidepressants while pregnant cause autism?
Antidepressant exposure during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in several observational studies.
How does Prozac affect an unborn baby?
Fluoxetine causes an acute increase in plasma serotonin levels, leading to a transient reduction in uterine blood flow. This, in turn, reduces the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the fetus, thereby presenting a mechanism for reducing growth and/or eliciting preterm delivery.
Why is Prozac bad for pregnancy?
It concluded that taking fluoxetine in the first trimester of pregnancy increased the risk of birth defects in the child by 18%. These defects might include the child being born with spina bifida, or having an extra ureter (the duct though which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder).
What is autism caused by?
There is no known single cause for autism spectrum disorder, but it is generally accepted that it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure or function. Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism compared to in neurotypical children.
Is Prozac good for autism?
Dec. 2, 2011 — The antidepressant Prozac appears to be useful for treating a defining symptom of autism spectrum disorder — repetitive, compulsive behavior. In a newly published study involving autistic adults, half of those who took Prozac (fluoxetine) experienced meaningful declines in repetitive behaviors.
Is it okay to take Prozac while pregnant?
Magavi points to research that indicates that fluoxetine, or Prozac, is one of the safest antidepressants you can take during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If you would rather discontinue medications during pregnancy, Dr.
Does fluoxetine cause birth defects?
No pattern of birth defects has been found and most studies have not found an increased chance for birth defects related to fluoxetine use. Some studies have suggested an increased chance for heart defects or other birth defects.
Can antidepressants make autism worse?
The researchers noted that youth with autism often report one particular side effect with SSRI drugs: “behavioral activation,” which may appear as hyperactivity, impulsiveness, or trouble sleeping.
Does Prozac cross the placenta?
Studies using animal models have demonstrated that fluoxetine not only crosses the placenta, but also accumulates within fetal brain tissue within 5 hours after drug administration [45, 46].
What class is Prozac in pregnancy?
Safety of Psychiatric Medications During Pregnancy and Lactation
|Drug||FDA pregnancy category*|
How long should you be off Prozac before getting pregnant?
Pregnancy and Antidepressants: What the Experts Say
Both psychiatric experts and ob-gyn experts agree that if you have mild depression and have been symptom-free for at least six months, you may be able to stop using antidepressants under a doctor’s supervision before getting pregnant or while you are pregnant.