The verdict is not so unreasonable given that the tomato has a close cousin that is a vegetable, namely the potato. The genomes of the two plants have 92 percent of their DNA in common, the tomato researchers report.
How much DNA do plants share with humans? Over 99%? This is a number which we need to be careful with.
Gene sequencing reveals that we have more in common with bananas, chickens, and fruit flies than you may expect. We’ve long known that we’re closely related to chimpanzees and other primates, but did you know that humans also share more than half of our genetic material with chickens, fruit flies, and bananas?
What fruit or vegetable is closest to human DNA?
Instead, it was generated to be included as part of an educational Smithsonian Museum of Natural History video called “The Animated Genome.” That video noted that DNA between a human and a banana is “41 percent similar.”
“Potato has 12 chromosomes, each one about 70 million base pairs long, which makes it about a quarter the size of the human genome.
Genetically, people share almost all the same genes – 99.9 percent, according to Peggy Lemaux, associate Cooperative Extension specialist in plant biotechnology at the University of California, Berkeley. … For example, people and tomatoes share as much as 60 percent of the same genes.
Interestingly, carrots — along with many other plants — have about 20 percent more genes than humans. … At 32,000 genes, the carrot genome is a good deal longer than that of humans (somewhere between 20,000 and 25,000 genes).
Even so, broccoli is chock full of nutrients. Just kidding—but I have known for the past 10 years that eating broccoli and other green vegetables can have incredible benefits for your health. We all share about 99.9% of the same DNA.
Since the onion (Allium cepa) is a diploid organism having a haploid genome size of 15.9 Gb, it has 4.9x as much DNA as does a human genome (3.2 Gb).
What are humans genetically closest to?
The chimpanzee and bonobo are humans’ closest living relatives. These three species look alike in many ways, both in body and behavior.
Does eating meat alter DNA?
A comparison of cells from the lining of the colon shows that people who eat a diet high in high red meat have a “significant” increase in levels of DNA damage compared with vegetarians.
More startling is an even newer discovery: we share 99% of our DNA with lettuce.